This Farmer’s Son Invented A Water Filter Which Costs Rs 7000 And Consumes Zero Electricity

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Around five years ago, when engineering student Jitendra visited Rajasthan with his friend, he was appalled to see the severity of the water crisis. He saw people used to bathe sitting on a cot and placed a vessel underneath. The bathing water was reused for washing clothes, watering the plants or other household chores. Witnessing the stark scarcity of water, it dawned upon Jitendra that human beings are incapable of manufacturing water. It is a priceless resource only to be recycled and reused. He has always been inclined to come up with innovative designs, so the “Youngest Scientist” awardee has designed a cost-effective ‘ Shuddham ‘ water filter which can repurpose used water and can prove to be a solution for drought-hit villages in India with no electricity.

No one has ever become poor by giving
– Anne Frank

The maintenance cost is only 540 rupees per year

Estimates show that drinking and cooking comprise merely 20% of our water usage, while a bulk 80% is utilised for washing, cleaning, bathing, flushing etc. Jitendra’s device “ Shuddham ” is a first-of-its-kind water filter which can filter up to 500 litres of dirty water per day and make it suitable for all household purposes other than drinking or cooking. The machine costs as low as Rs 7000 with maintenance demanding only Rs 540 per year.

The Shuddham water filter

How the filter works

Not only this, ‘ Shuddham ’ is entirely mechanical and hence incurs no electrical expense. Gravity is the basic driving principle behind the Shuddham machine where the recycled water emerges from the lowermost segment after undergoing a series of filtration procedures. Granular sieving followed by active carbon ultrafiltration makes the water fit for reuse within minutes. In addition, the machine is fitted with an anti-choke mechanism that ensures no blockage of flow or mixing of dirt granules with the purified water. Shuddham can recycle up to ninety thousand litres of water in six months, after which the filtering granules need to be replaced for better effectiveness.


The invention is awaiting a patent

Hailing from a remote village in Ratlam, Madhya Pradesh, Jitendra Choudhary comes from a small-scale farmer family. Finances have always been a hurdle for the hardworking family of four, but Jitendra has proved his mettle by gaining prominence as an engineer.

Lab reports verifying the effectiveness of the Shuddham water filter

The 25-year-old dynamic talent has already filed more than one patent, including one for his unique water filter – Shuddham. Presently a research assistant at his college in Ujjain, Jitendra has installed the latest prototype of the machine in and around his college campus, as well as a neighbouring village. His team is planning to extend the initiative to Rajasthan and adjoining dry areas once their patent is approved and the machine gets a green signal to be commercially marketed.

Jitendra has been awarded the first prize for Shuddham at the Social Enterprise Idea Challenge at Azim Premji University

Message for everyone

Necessity is the mother of invention. Yet, in India today, many youngsters shy away from discovering newer solutions to persisting problems, mainly due to the lack of confidence and positive motivation. “I encourage everyone to come forward with their creative ideas so that together we can make our motherland a better place to live in,” urges a fervent Jitendra. He hopes that his story will inspire many young men and women from a low-income background to pursue their dreams.

Water scarcity is soaring to a dangerous level in India, with climate change aggravating the woes of the rural agricultural population. A model such as Jitendra’s Shuddham has every potential to provide a sustainable solution to the parched zones of India, also stricken by poverty.

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It's not how much we give
but how much love we put into giving.
- Mother Theresa Quote

10,000 Indians Sign Petition To Put Mental Health Care In 2019 Election Manifesto Of Every Political Party

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For the last couple of years, life for D. Shanmugam from Tamil Nadu and his wife has entirely been centred around their only daughter. Things were different once, some would term it as better. They were a normal, happy family, with grand aspirations for their daughter. “After passing the 11th grade, she suddenly started getting reclusive.

There were distinct signs of depression. At one point, she even stopped talking or eating properly. Things worsened over time. She complained of someone in her mind asking her too many questions. She would pester us for answers to those endless vague questions,” shares Shanmugam, who has now made peace with his daughter’s struggle with mental health. “We try our best to give her the best care. We make sure she gets her medication every day on time. I have also introduced her to Manavalakalai Yoga which is helping her to calm down,” he reveals.

No one has ever become poor by giving
– Anne Frank

But, amid the tumultuous journey over the past few years, Shanmugam has one grievance. “Nobody helped us when we needed it the most. I filed applications after applications, imploring government authorities to provide some support for my daughter. They gave me false assurances. Nobody came,” he still laments. His own harrowing experience with the government at the time of utmost need has prompted Shanmugam to be one of the first ones to sign the Bridge The Care Gap petition – an election-centric campaign which urges each and every political party to include mental health care in their respective election manifestos.

Why Bridge The Care Gap campaign stands out

Launched by Mumbai-based Mariwala Health Initiative, Bridge The Care Gap campaign has already garnered over 10,000 signatories which include survivors, caregivers, psychiatrists, non-profit organisations and illustrious personalities who are unabashed advocates of mental health care. Among the political parties, Indian National Congress and CPI(M) have given firm assurances to prioritise the implementation of the Mental Health Care Act at the outset.


Statistics reveal how critical the mental health scenario in India actually is at present. The 2016 National Mental Health Survey estimated that 15% of the Indian population is affected by some mental health issue or other, needing clinical intervention. The figure might not look concerning until we realise that it translates to a whopping 130 million people across India. WHO estimates reveal that one in every four people in the world is bound to experience some mental health issue in their lifetime. Yet, the Indian government allocates less than 1% of its yearly budget on mental health care. Though in 2017, the promising Mental Health Care Act was chalked out, its on-ground implementation is yet to be seen.

“Our policymakers are still reactive to mental health issues, rather than take proactive action. The Government tends to see mental health only as a health issue, but if you speak to the public you will realise that they see it more as an inter-sectoral issue. For instance, people realise the need to reform education and examination systems to prevent/reduce teenage suicides,” observes Dr Soumitra Pathare, a renowned psychiatrist associated with many campaigns surrounding mental health, including Bridge The Care Gap.

Putting mental health on election manifestos

In conversation with Efforts For Good, Harsh Mariwala, founder of Mariwala Health Initiative (MHI), informs, “Our premise is simple: mental health is as important as physical health. This means that the government should appropriate budget for mental health services (beyond the current 0.6% that is being spent) and ensure quality service delivery on the ground. This translates into more trained mental health professionals, better mental health care facilities, affordable services and easier availability of necessary medication.”

He emphasises the importance of political involvement in the mental health sector. “None of this will happen without political will. Hence, an advocacy campaign like #BridgeTheCareGap was required — especially at a time when political parties are formulating their agenda and prioritising development issues for the elections. We want mental health on their manifestos and within the political purview,” Mr Mariwala asserts.

Some parties were proactive, others not so much

“To achieve the required objectives, we have approached all major political parties and did not leave out anyone, since our campaign is apolitical at its core,” shares Dr Pathare. Challenges were there, he admits. While in some cases, it was a cakewalk to interact with the top of the party hierarchy and patiently explain the petition to them, in other instances, it was almost impossible to get through.

“As of now, two parties, Indian National Congress and the CPI (M), have included mental health in their agenda and both have promised to implement the Act and the policy. There’s not much more detail in the manifestos at this stage, but we can flesh out the details with them when the opportunity arises,” he informs.

Once the 2019 LokSabha Elections are done and dusted, the campaigners also aim to carry forward their petition into the upcoming legislative elections in different states over the next few years.

Michelle’s story upholds the importance of Bridge The Care Gap

Four days before her 18th birthday, Michelle Silvera lost her father. Devastated, she started blaming herself for his sudden demise. “I thought since this has happened right before my birthday, it must be due to something I did wrong. I must have been a bad daughter,” Michelle opens up. Slowly, and helplessly, she found herself trapped in a vortex of negative thoughts. Doctors identified her condition as Schizophrenia and clinical depression.

“At the hospital, I underwent a very rigorous treatment. I have never imagined that I would have to endure such turmoil in my life,” reveals Michelle, who is eternally grateful to Manav Foundation for helping her overcome the worst phase of her life. Through a series of counselling sessions and creative therapies, the Mumbai-based rehabilitation centre helped Michelle to emerge triumphant at the end of her prolonged battle.

Manav Foundation is one of the collaborative associates in the #BridgeTheCareGap campaign, along with the Center for Mental Health Law & Policy, Anjali Mental Health Rights Organization, Anubhuti Trust, Schizophrenia Awareness Association. Some other stakeholders in the consortium include The Live Love Laugh Foundation, White Swan Foundation, Banyan, Society for Nutrition, Iswar Sankalpa, Bipolar India, Patients Engage – almost all prominent national organisations actively working in the mental health sector.

“As part of this campaign, we reached out to multiple organisations who do not exclusively work on mental health – but on child rights, women’s rights, law and policy, LGBTQ concerns, human rights and livelihood – the issues often intrinsically related to mental health. Approximately 50 organisations have endorsed this petition and supported it by publicising materials or sharing details with the communities they work in,” shares Ara Johannes, Communications Manager at Mariwala Health Initiative.

Efforts For Good take

“For mental health issues, I cannot say that medication is better than therapy or vice versa. But, the main need is for support. By support, I mean compassion, care and empathy,” believes Ratnaboli Ray, the founder of Anjali Mental Health Rights Organization, and herself a survivor of depression.

Persistent social stigma and traditional taboos surrounding mental health only make it harder for sufferers to survive, many of whom seek solace in ending their lives.  Society indeed needs to alter the age-old outlook towards mental health, but that cannot be ensured overnight. To usher in a social change, it takes time and continuous efforts from all levels, particularly the ruling administration. Unless and until mental health features in the priority list of the government, the promising Mental Health Care Act 2017 would cease to be of value, putting many more lives in jeopardy. This is where lies the significance of Bridge The Care Gap campaign, which is the standalone initiative on mental health at the policymaking level. It provides the light of hope to thousands of silent sufferers whose voice gets lost amidst the hype and hullabaloo of mainstream political doctrines.

“I invite all of you to come to join us in this nationwide campaign to prioritise mental health,” Mr Mariwala appeals to all Indians. Sign the petition today and spread the word:


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It's not how much we give
but how much love we put into giving.
- Mother Theresa Quote
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